County of Cornwall
CORNWALL is the most south-westerly
portion of England, and forms a
peninsula, being bounded by the sea on
three sides, and along four fifths of
its eastern border it is separated from
the County of Devon by the River Tamar,
except just north of Launceston, where a
small portion of Devonshire juts into
Cornwall. (Kelly's Directory 1897).
Cornwall Poor Law Unions and Workhouses
The Poor Law Unions within the County of Cornwall are St Austell, Bodmin, Camelford, St Columb Major, Falmouth, St Germans, Helston, Launceston, Liskeard, Padstow, Penzance, Redruth, Isles of Scilly, Stratton and Truro.
Workhouses, List of those visited in 1867 With Name of the Workhouse and numbers of insane, idiotic, and imbecile inmates P255 J
From PP 1867/68 Vol XXXI pp 1-301
Twenty Second Report of the Commissioners in Lunacy
to the Lord Chancellor
Summary of Results.
Pauper inmates of Workhouse establishments in the Registration County number 1,308 persons of all ages, 592 Males and 716 Females.
These represent approximately 0.41% of the general population.
At advanced ages the proportion is far higher; at 55 years and upwards the % is 1.12% and at 65 years and upwards is 1.68%.
Prisoners in the Local Prison at Aylesbury number 75. 74 Male and 1 Female.
The Blind, Deaf and Dumb
The number of persons returned as Blind is 447, and of these 8 suffer from some other Infirmity also.
Deaf and Dumb persons including 17 returned simply as Dumb, number 163, and of these 4 suffer from some other Infirmity also.
Lunatics number 798, and the Imbecile and Feeble-minded 516, including 4 otherwise afflicted. The total of these classes is
It may be noted that, of the 1,314 persons returned as mentally deranged, 911 were the inmates of institutions, including 798 in
Public and Private Lunatic Asylums, 113 in Workhouses. The remaining 403 were residing with relatives or in unlicensed houses.
Of the 113 mentally deranged persons enumerated in Workhouses, 16 were returned as a Lunatics and 97 as Imbecile, or Feeble-minded; and of the 403 not enumerated in Institutions, 8 were returned as Lunatics and 395 as Imbecile or Feeble-minded.
Statistics submitted by Alan Longbottom
From Census Statistical Volume 1901
County of Cornwall in PP 1902 Cd 1,360
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