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Ludlow Workhouse and Poor Law Union

Ludlow Pre Union

Churchwardens Accounts of the Town of Ludlow by Llewellyn Jones p087
p 108 Parish meeting 3rd March 1741

The unanimously agreed that the Workehouse lately appointed by His Majesty's Justices of this Town is approved of by the  Parish and that the same Tends to the Benefit of the Parish and to employ the Poor who are now very numerous and also  ordered that the Contract made with Samuel Whittley on that account. Dated the 23rd Feb 1741 be approved and also for the better going on with the said worke the following persons are appointed to Inspect and order the same. The Churchwardens for the time being, Mr Robert Meyrick, Mr William Clerke, Mr William
Jeoffries, Mr Thomas Yapp, Mr John Aingell, Mr Thomas Whittington Mr Richard Plumer, Mr Richard Yapp, Mr Benjamin Howton, Mr Richard Coleman, Mr Thomas Wellings, and Mr William Child.

p 109 1741-1742 Parish Meeting 4th January 1742
Churchwardens - Walthall Fenton and John Syer.
Ordered that the Churchwardens do treat and agree with Edward Morley of the said Town, Butcher, for the House and Garden  adjoining to the Workhouse, which is now in the possession of William Low, and that the Rent and Terme therein be by them ascertained and that the said house so to be taken to be included in the same Lease in which the Workhouse itself is to be comprized and that the Lease be forthwith executed. 
1st - The Trustees of the Charity School will pay the Halfe of the Master and Mistress of the Workhouse's Salary in consideration that they Teach the Charity children to read and work.
2nd - If the parish will take the House adjoyning to the Workhouse the Trustees will pay the Parish the rent for the same for the  terme of the Lease they shall think fit to take.
3rd - That the Trustees propose to pay the Parish 12d a week for the Dyet and washing of each child and the parish to have the Benefit of their work.
4th - That the Trustees will provide Bedding and other furniture for the Lodging of the children.
5th - That the Trustees will also find and provide Fire and candle for the said Charity School.
6th - That in case any of the children are Sick, the Trustees will be in charge of Medicines for them.
Then agreed that the Rent of the Workhouse and Garden thereto belonging and the other House in the possession of William Low and the garden thereto also belonging shall be yearly the sume of eight pounds (fifty shillings a year whereof for that part in Lowes possession which is to be appropriated for the use of the Charity School) is to be paid by the Trustees of the said School for one and thirty years absolutely but if the parish are minded or have occasion to give a years notice at the end of any three
years of the said Terme of one and Thirty years then the Lease and terme be void.

Source: Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and  Natural History Society 1878-
Submitted by Alan Longbottom

Ludlow Parish 292-294

Thomas Lane of Ludlow, by his will dated 20th November 1674, after giving certain legacies, bequeathed all the rest of his estate to Sir Job Charlton, and two others, to be disposed of by them as he shouldappoint, and in default of such appointment to some charitable use,according to their best discretion.

From the will of Sir Job Charlton dated 6th December 1691, it appears that the money derived from the bequest had been employed in repairing and furnishing an old house, which had been granted to the trustees by the town of Ludlow, and in purchasing certain lands in Middleton, of the annual value of £30, by his said will, Sir Job Charlton desires his son Francis to take care, that the charitable use of his grateful servant Thomas Lane, be employed to maintain a workhouse and house of correction for the benefit of the poor of Ludlow, and of the neighbouring villages thereof (and which it appears, he had already established in the old house above mentioned) and he directs, that the rents and profits of the lands at Middleton, and whatever else should come from the executors, should go for the maintenance of the master of the said workhouse, and for keeping it in repair; and that his right heirs, advising with the parson of Ludlow, the vicar of Ludford, and the chief magistrate of Ludlow, should nominate one of the chamber, or at least one of the inhabitants of Ludlow, to be master of the said workhouse……

There is now in the hands of Edward Lechmere Charlton esq, of Ludford, (the present trustee of the charity, as heir of Sir Job Charlton) a sum of £216-8s-3d. the amount of a balance due in 1816, arising from savings of income. This sum was destined by Mr. Charlton to the erection of a new house of correction, the present one, a single small apartment at the back of the workhouse, being totally unfit for the purpose: but the design has been for the present suspended, in consequence of a proposal now in agitation for building a house of correction in the gaol yard, at the joint charges of the corporation and the charity. In the mean time, Mr. Charlton undertakes to pay such interest as the sum would produce, if invested. The income of the charity, amounting now to £120 a year, (exclusive of the interest to be paid by Mr. Charlton which is not yet brought to account), is applied in paying the governor of the workhouse and house of correction, a salary of £20 a year, in disbursements for taxes and repairs of the building and furniture, and in providing raw materials for the poor people in the house to work up. The expenditure in the year 1818 was as follows :-

Governor's salary £20-0s-0d
Repairs £24-8s-0d
Raw Materials and charges weaving & dying £45-5s-6d
Taxes £ 7-16-0d
Total £97-10-2d

Leaving a surplus of income (which then was £114 the rent of the house in Ludlow being only £14) of £16-9s-10d.The receivers account book with his vouchers were produced to us,from October 1809, when the present receiver was appointed. It appears that he received from his predecessor a balance of £16-13s-4.5d, from time to times the rents, and the expenditure, consisting of the articles above specified, with some incidental charges, are regularly brought to account, and produced a balance in July 1819, exclusive of the £216-18s-3d paid in 1816 to Mr Charlton, of £14-9s-0d.

The governor is appointed by Mr.Charlton, on the recommendation of the parish, and with the approbation of the rector; such at least was the method observed on the last appointment. He receives from the parish an additional salary of £20. The expence of maintaining the poor in the house is defrayed by the parish, and the conduct of the establishment is entirely under the management of the overseers.

The raw materials furnished to be worked up in the house, are flax, hemp and yarn, for spinning and knitting stockings, and leather for making shoes. When the flax, hemp, and yarn, are spun and wound, they are sent to the weavers and made into cloth, for the use of the poor in the house: the expence of weaving and dying, when required, is paid out of the funds of the charity. The clothes thus made are never sold, they are entirely consumed in the house, except in some few instances where poor persons, whom it has been necessary to clothe, have left the house in search of work, taking their clothes with them; and in some still fewer instances, of great necessity, where clothes have been given out of the house. This when done is by order of the overseer.

The charity fund receives no profit from the parish upon the raw material thus furnished and applied, when manufactured, to the use of the parochial poor, and thus in relief of the parish. It is considered as a contribution paid by the charity to the support of the workhouse, and, considering the employment of the poor in the house, as essentially contributing to the beneficial maintenance of the establishment, we think it a legitimate application of the funds under the terms of Sir Job Charlton's will.

It seems, however, to us, that there is a little want of correctness in the manner in which this contribution is dealt with. No account is kept by the overseers or the governor, of the amount of the raw materials supplied by the charity, or of the manufactured articles, so as to ascertain the relative value, and the consequent amount of benefit received. No account even is kept of the quantity of raw material delivered to each pauper, so as to ascertain whether the whole is properly worked up. It is very desirable that these deficiencies of attention should be corrected, in order that it may be clearly seen, to what extent the funds of the charity are effectually applied in furtherance of its objects.

The house of correction, as we have seen, is, in its present state, of little use. It is a source of no expense to the charity, except in the small proportion that may belong to it, of the expense of repairs and of the governor's salary.

These establishments are at present entirely appropriated to the town of Ludlow; their size is not sufficient to allow of their benefits being extended to the neighbouring villages, according to the intention of the founder. Whether from the annual surpluses of income, over the present expenditure, a fund might be formed, for enlarging the premises, with a view to this extension of the objects of the charity, may perhaps be a matter worthy of consideration.
Source: Third Vol of 32 of Report of the Commissioners to inquire concerning Charities in England for the Education of the Poor Act 58 Geo III c 91. 1819. Publ 1822. 511 pp. 
Submitted by Alan Longbottom

Ludlow Union

The Board of Guardians meet every alternate Monday at the Board Room, Union Workhouse, East Hamlet, at 11.15am. The population of the Union in 1891 was 17,656, the area 83,745 acres and the rateable value in 1900 £136,586.

Ludlow Union consists of the following parishes;
Abdon, Ashford Bowdler, Ashford Carbonell, Pipe Aston, Bitterley, Bromfield, Burrington, Caynham, Clee St Margaret, Cold Weston, Culmington, Diddlebury, Downton, East Hamlet, Elton, Halford, Heath, Holdgate, Hope Bagot, Hopton Cangeford, Leinthall Starkes, Leintwardine, North Side, Ludlow, Ludlow Castle, Munslow, Onibury, Richards Castle, St Lawrence, Stanton Lacy, Stoke St Milborough, Stokesay, Tugford and Wigmore

Union Officers 1900
Chairman of the Board of Guardians C. A. Rouse-Boughton-Knight esq.
Clerk to the Guardians and Assessment Committee Arthur W. Weyman
Treasurer Thomas Hy. Atherden
Relieving Officer for the Union Diddlebury District - Thomas George Lewis
Leintwardine District - Richard George Gwilt
Ludlow & Clee Hill District - Philip Pepler
Superintendent Registrar Arthur W. Weyman

The Workhouse, Gravel Hill, East Hamlet, a building of stone, erected in 1838 and will hold 139 inmates.

Workhouse Staff 1900
Chaplain Rev. Lewis Harold Nicholl
Medical Officer Chas. B. Cranstoun
Workhouse Master George Kilby
Workhouse Matron  Mrs M. Kilby
Assistant Matron & Girls Industrial Trainer Miss E. Dillon


Workhouses, List of those visited in 1867 With Name of the Workhouse and numbers of  insane, idiotic, and imbecile inmates.
Ludlow 1 4 5
Source: 22nd Report of the Commissioners in Lunacy to the Lord Chancellor. Submitted by Alan Longbottom.


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